The Parthenon is a former temple located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the Athenians considered their patroness. In 447 BC, the Delian League was at the height of its power and started construction. In 438 BC, the building was finished, but it was not decorated until 432 BC. Generally regarded as the zenith of the Doric order, it is the most important surviving building from Classical Greece.
At one time, it was the treasury of the Delian League, which eventually became the Athenian Empire. A Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary was converted to the Parthenon in the 6th century AD. A mosque was built on the Parthenon in early 1460s, following the Ottoman conquest. During the siege of the Acropolis, a Venetian bombardment ignited an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building on 26 September 1687. As a result, the Parthenon and its sculptures were severely damaged. The 7th Earl of Elgin removed some sculptures between 1800 and 1803, now known as the Elgin Marbles, with permission from the Turks of the Ottoman Empire.
The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena demolished during the Persian invasion of 480BC, called the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon. In addition to serving as the city treasury, the Parthenon served a practical purpose as a temple. Greece’s decorative sculptures are considered among the best in the world. As one of the world’s greatest cultural monuments, the Parthenon represents ancient Greece, democracy, and Western civilization. The Parthenon, along with other Periclean monuments, was seen by the Athenians who built it as an important symbol of hellenic victory over the Persians and a way to thank the gods for their victory over the Persians. Several large-scale restoration projects have taken place to ensure the temple’s structural stability since 1975.
The first Parthenon was to be sure obliterated in 480, the site was left as a ruin for 33 years. One contention includes the pledge declared by the Greek partners before the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC proclaiming that the asylums obliterated by the Persians wouldn’t be modified, a vow from which the Athenians were just pardoned with the Peace of Callias in 450. The unremarkable reality of the expense of recreating Athens after the Persian sack is to some extent as probable a reason. Notwithstanding, the unearthings of Bert Hodge Hill drove him to propose the presence of a subsequent Parthenon, started in the time of Kimon after 468 BC. Slope asserted that the Karrha limestone step Dörpfeld believed was the most elevated of Parthenon I was as a matter of fact the least of the three stages of Parthenon II, whose stylobate aspects Hill determined at 23.51 by 66.888 meters